VULNERABILITY & VIABILITY

This sub-module will explore the interplay between viability, vulnerability and sustainability, acknowledging that this can be context-specific.

This sub-module will explore the interplay between viability, vulnerability and sustainability, acknowledging that this can be context-specific. Following documentation and appraisal of major environmental and regulatory changes observed in the province since 1980s, and the consequences of such changes for fishing communities, the team is conducting three studies to explore the viability-vulnerability-sustainability nexus from different perspectives, then to interpret and synthesize results to gain lessons about the vulnerability and viability of small-scale fisheries.

 

The first study focuses on understanding how stakeholders respond to changes, whether these responses are similar or different, and whether they are effective in reducing vulnerability. Through this study, sub-module I-5 aims to create a typology of responses that will help contextualize why certain responses are adopted, what they are influenced by, and whether other options are considered. Knowledge about responses, in particular policy responses, will help us understand stakeholder relations and power dynamics among them, which is imperative for designing programs that lessen vulnerability and improve governance (Jentoft and Chuenpagdee 2009). 

 

Building on the first study and the existing assessment frameworks, this second component examines the effectiveness of different policy responses, coping mechanisms and adapting strategies in reducing vulnerability or enhancing viability of fisheries and coastal communities. The study involves a detailed analysis of the fisheries systems (natural, social, economic and governance) and an assessment of impacts of changes affecting these systems, especially in terms of vulnerability, viability and governability. Next, the effectiveness of responses will be evaluated to determine factors contributing to achieving both short- and long-term goals. Field observation, key informant interviews, and focus groups will be used for data collection. 

 

The third component links satellite-derived information with other data streams to enable near real-time and mobile product delivery of information about safety in nearshore transportation in support of food security and traditional livelihoods. The proposed work will examine what kind of information can be generated from the wide range of available data streams that is actually relevant for community-based decision-making related to marine food harvesting and how this information can be translated into community decisions in the most effective manner. 

Gabriela Sabau

I-5 Co-investigator

School of Science and the Environment, Memorial University, Grenfell campus

Ratana Chuenpagdee

Module I Co-lead

Department of Geography, Memorial University, St. John's campus

Norm Catto

Co-investigator

Department of Geography, Memorial University, St. John's campus

Robert Briggs

Co-investigator

C-CORE, Memorial University, St. John's campus

Roger White

Co-investigator

Department of Geography, Memorial University, St. John's campus

Alida Bundy

Canadian collaborator

Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Bedford, Nova Scotia

William Cheung

Canadian collaborator

NF-UBC Nereus Program, University of British Columbia

Prateep Nayak

Canadian collaborator

School of Environment, Enterprise and Development, University of Waterloo

Jason Simms

Canadian collaborator

Fisheries and Oceans Canada, St. John's

Jack Daly

Master's student

Department of Geography, Memorial University, St. John's campus (completed)

Maria Yulmetova

Master's student

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University, St. John's campus

Mohammad Mahmudul Islam

Post-doctoral fellow

Department of Geography, Memorial University, St. John's campus

Masoud Mahdianpari

Post-doctoral fellow

C-CORE, Memorial University, St. John's campus

(Completed)

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